MANIFESTO POLITICO DEI VERDI EUROPEI

Posted on in Politica e lingue 9 vedi

894, 12-Dic-98, 20:35, I—–, 7217, E.R.A., IT, Roma

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Quello che segue e' un breve sunto del manifesto politico dei Verdi europei per le prossime elezioni di Giugno. Come si puo' leggere anche loro si sono accorti della necessita' ineluttabile di costruire delle solide istituzioni politiche europee dotate di forti poteri e direttamente responsabili davanti agli elettori-cittadini.
Ma anche di difendere e promuovere i diritti linguistici di tutti!
Non siamo ancora agli Stati uniti d'Europa esperantofoni, pero' siamo, finalmente, sulla buona strada!

Il testo originale e' reperibile in rete all'indirizzo:

http://www2.europeangreens.org/europeangreens/poldocs.html

Ovviamente, compatibilmente con i miei impegni cerchero' di produrre quanto prima una traduzione in italiano di questo documento per quella manciata di connazionali non anglofoni.
Agli altri, buona lettura!

Lapo ORLANDI.


COMMON GREEN MANIFESTO FOR THE 1999 EUROPEAN ELECTIONS

GREENING EUROPE – MORE URGENT THAN EVER

Europe could be a major force for ecological and social justice, democracy and peace throughout the world. Under the leadership of political parties whose only answer to all questions is competitive economic growth, the European Union is failing to play this role. (…)
The Green vision for Europe centers on improving the quality of life, thanks to high standards of ecological, social and democratic rights.(…)


The Green project is to:

* build a society respectful of fundamental rights and environmental justice: the rights to shelter, to good health, to education, to culture, and to a high quality of life; (…)
* deepen democracy by decentralisation and direct participation of people in decision-making that concerns them.

The Green method is radical, realistic and reformist (…)
Green values are solidarity, innovation, independence and openness (…)

Greens are working for:

* Improved structures for democratic participation in political decision-making, involving NGOs, Trade Unions and citizens at all levels, with measures to ensure equal participation of women.
* GUARANTED EQUAL RIGHTS AND OPPORTUNITIES, AS WELL AS CULTURAL AND LINGUISTIC DIVERSITY FOR MINORITY GROUPS
*(…)

ENLARGEMENT – EUROPE IS MORE THAN THE EUROPEAN UNION

(…) A combined and simultaneous process of institutional reforms and enlargement is necessary to give the European Union a structural framework able to function democratically with more than 20 Member States, without holding up negotiations with the applicant countries. The applicant States should have the right to participate fully in the process of institutional reforms which will shape the Union they are to join.


The Greens call for:

Opening the European Union to all applicant states which respect democratic and human rights. The Union needs profound institutional reforms to create a democratic political system at the European level and to allow for a more efficient and transparent policy process. The negotiations of Amsterdam were a failure on this issue. This is why the Greens are supporting the project of a new round of negociations on institutional matters involving both the EP and national parliaments.(…)

Security

(…)Security can no longer be defined solely in military terms. The European Greens start with a larger comprehensive concept of security which takes into account social, economic, ecological, cultural and psychological aspects, as well as structural violence. Peace is more than the absence of war or the management of conflicts. Peace cannot be built by a treaty, it is a continuous process of mediation. It has to do with employment, clean water, health, basic human rights and fundamental freedom. Peace must be organised.(…)

BUILDING A CITIZENS' EUROPE

Democracy is being challenged by the domination of market forces and globalization. Legislative power has been shifted to the European Union without any real strengthening of the powers of the European Parliament. Europe needs more democracy: on the regional, national and European level.
Current methods such as Intergovernmental Conferences have failed to produce an adequate democratic reform of the European Union. The European Union needs to be democratically constituted. The people's elected representatives in the European Parliament and the National Parliaments must be fully informed and included.



The Greens call for:

*A public “constitutional” debate on the future of Europe in which all members of society can participate.
*Creation of a European fund for refugees, which partially reimburses the costs member states make for the reception and integration of refugees.


Human Rights and Citizenship


(…) Specific measures should be taken against any discrimination on the basis of gender, age, disability, sexual orientation and identity, ethnicity or religion.
The fundamental democratic rights of all residents in every Member State should be guaranteed and respected. THEIR FREEDOM OF MOVEMENT PARTICULARLY NEEDS TO BE GUARANTED.

The Greens call for:

Adoption by the European Union of a charter guaranteeing civil rights as well as social, economic and ecological rights as an essential part of its founding treaty. (…)

Democratic structures

The present European Union is deeply undemocratic. The European Parliament has no right to initiate laws and the EU's legislative powers are not separated from its executive power. All powers are concentrated in the Council of Ministers and the Commission, which meet behind closed doors following negotiations over which representative bodies have virtually no control.
The confusion between executive and legislative responsibilities leads to a plethora of obscure procedures, understandable only to a small number of specialists. Moreover, the independence of the European Central Bank will unfortunately lead to the loss of any control over monetary policy. The people of Europe are faced with a Union that appears to be a non-transparent, bureaucratic body.
Full information about negotiations and decisions on the EU level should be widely available to encourage everybody to participate. The Greens favour simultaneous referenda in all member states for important changes of the EU Treaty.


The Greens call for:

*Extension of the European Parliament`s powers of co-decision and control top all fields of policy for which the EU is competent.
*Extension of European Parliamentary powers to initiate legislation and to nominate the Commission, including the right to reject individual candidates and to dismiss individual Commissioners.
*Extension of European Parliamentary co-decision to all fields of political activity.


Internal Security

The Schengen Treaty and Europol are not under the democratic control of either the European Parliament or the European Court. Not even their finances are subject to supervision. The Schengen treaty creates a core Europe with restrictions on free movement of people and an information system that is a threat to personal data security. Europol has been given competences which no national police force would be allowed to have.


The Greens call for:

*limiting the role of Europol to information exchange.
*democratic and judicial control of Europol on the European and national
*(…)

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